Companion Animal Law Blog

Bringing together those whose lives and livelihoods revolve around companion animals

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Special Thanks to Operation Socialization for Guest Blogger Opportunity!

Hearty thanks to Operation Socialization for offering me a great guest blogger opportunity!  Operation Socialization is a network of professional dog trainers and businesses. Operation Socialization’s vision is to raise awareness about the importance of puppy socialization and to provide the humans on the other end of the leash with education and resources to give puppies the best possible start in life.

Operation Socialization recently asked me about ways to protect a dog training business.  Operation Socialization’s main focus for the guest blog series is on  risk management and insurance issues.  Insurance is one of the many components to protecting your business.  For a nice checklist to get you started (or to double check for your existing business), take a look at this prior blog post.

To read the first part of my response to  Operation Socialization’s questions on risk management and insurance issues, take a look at my guest post:  Are You Covered?  Protecting Your Business, Part One.

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News Flash! VFHS Regional Meeting Tonight in Arlington!

Join the Virginia Federation of Humane Societies tonight for their Regional Meeting in Northern Virginia.  The meeting will be held from 7:00 to 9:00 PM at the Animal Welfare League of Arlington, at 2650 S Arlington Mill Drive, Arlington, VA 22206 in Shirlington.

We will discuss the status of animal welfare in Virginia, upcoming legislation and what you can do to help.  Guest speakers include representatives from the Humane Society of the United States and Ally Cat AlliesCheck VFHS’s website for further information.

Hope to see you there!

Also take note that VFHS is offering an early bird special to renew your membership, and the new Comprehensive Animal Law Handbooks are out and available for only $10.  And stay tuned for more information about VFHS’s Annual Conference in Williamsburg on March 29-31, 2012!

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Never Forget! A Tribute Ten Years Later

An American flag flies over Ground Zero today.  People in New York and all over the world observe a moment of silence at the exact times that the planes struck each of the Towers, the Pentagon, and the ground in Pennsylvania.  The flag reminds us to never forget those who perished on what may be the darkest day of our history.

All was not dark that day.  Incredible acts of heroism took place ten years ago — not the least of which were the passengers on the plane in Pennsylvania who sacrificed their lives so that another attack would not occur in Washington, DC.

There were plenty of canine heroes working beside the human heroes that day.  The Daily Mail Online has a beautiful tribute to the few surviving search and rescue dogs from 9/11, with photos of the dogs then and now.  Ten years ago, these dogs were adolescent search and rescue dogs who worked around the clock with their handlers to search for survivors among the rubble at Ground Zero.  Today, these dogs are beautiful mature seniors who are still faithful companions.

And speaking of the most faithful companion of all, the Scoop has the tale of Omar Rivera, a blind computer technician who was on the 71st floor of one of the towers ten years ago.  Knowing he would not make it to the bottom in time, Rivera selflessly unleashed his service dog, Dorado, to at least give Dorado the chance to escape and survive.   The pressing crowd came between Dorado and Rivera, but Dorado fought his way back to his handler, and actually led him to safety down 71 flights of steps before the tower collapsed.

May we all stay safe today and every day.  And may we always remember those who we lost ten years ago, and those — human and canine — whose acts of bravery will always shine through the darkness of that day.

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Just a Reminder! Dog Ownership and the Law Tomorrow from 1:00 to 3:00

If you have time tomorrow (Sunday, September 11, 2011), please come join me for a presentation on Dog Ownership and the Law from 1:00 to 3:00 at Fur-Get Me Not’s Dog Training School at 4120 South Four Mile Run Drive in Arlington, Virginia.

If you think of it, please register online beforehand on Fur-Get Me Not’s website, in order to give us a sense of how many people are coming.  But if you didn’t pre-register, no worries!  Feel free to drop by anyway.

Attendance is free, but we are suggesting a $15 donation.  All proceeds go straight to  Fur-Get Me Not’s rescue partners, including Homeward Trails Animal Rescue!

For more information on this presentation, or Fur-Get Me Not’s other seminars in their “Back to School Series,” you can go to Fur-Get Me Not’s website or take a look at my previous blog post.

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Fur-Get Me Not “Back to School” Series: Dog Ownership and the Law

Fur-Get Me Not is introducing a new “Back to School” series in September, and I was honored to be asked to contribute. Join me at Fur-Get Me Not on September 11 from 1:00 to 3:00 PM for a presentation on “Dog Ownership and the Law.”

This presentation will discuss the state of companion animal and dog law, focusing on the most pressing legal issues facing dog lovers and our dogs. I’ll discuss topics such as the duties and responsibilities of pet owners, breed specific legislation, and the state of companion animal law in Virginia.

Registration is required (and very simple – just go to their website to register on line!). The seminars take place in Fur-Get Me Not’s wonderful new training studio located at 4120 Four Mile Run Drive in Shirlington. Fur-Get Me Not suggests a $15 donation for these sessions (except Doggie Yoga, see below), and the proceeds will be donated to Fur-Get Me Not’s rescue partners, including Homeward Trails Animal Rescue!

Here is the rest of the line up for the Back to School Series:

Feel free to check out this flyer or Fur-Get Me Not’s website for further details on this great Back To School Series.

And for those of you who are attending the BlogPaws 2011 Conference in Tysons Corner this weekend, I look forward to meeting up with you there!

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Come Say Hi At The Super Pet Expo And Try Your Luck With Bean Kinney Raffles

I hope you make it to the Super Pet Expo this Friday, Saturday and Sunday in Chantilly, Virginia!  If you do, please stop by Bean Kinney’s booth (Booth #721) to say hi!

Here are some more details about the great raffles we’re going to have.  Most importantly, all proceeds from these raffles will be donated to rescues — Homeward Trails Animal Rescue, A Forever Home Rescue Foundation and Rescue Ink

Tickets will be $2 each, or 3 for $5.  The drawings will be held at the Super Pet Expo at 4:00 PM on Sunday.  You don’t need to be present, but we will require your name and email address and/or phone number on the raffle tickets — solely so that we can contact the winners. 

Raffle #1 (Protect Your Mark! ) includes: 

  • A free intellectual property assessment and preliminary trademark availability search and report for a lucky business or not for profit organization, by my colleague, Alain Lapter (the winner will need to clear a conflict check with Bean, Kinney & Korman, P.C.)
  • A one year subscription to NOVADog Magazine
  • Premier dog toys from Cooperative Paws
  • A gift certificate for a three-month Treat of the Month Club from Karing by Kristina and Barkley Square, and yummy Barkley Square goodies

Raffle #2 (Plan for Your Pal!) includes:

  • A free pet trust for one companion animal from my colleague Jennifer Lee and me (limited to individuals in Maryland, DC and Virginia — winner will need to clear a conflict check with Bean, Kinney & Korman, PC)
  • Awkward Family Photo book
  • Dog training phone consultation with Opportunity Barks
  • Premier dog toys from Cooperative Paws
  • A gift certificate for one free weekend of pet care from Karing by Kristina, and Barkley Square goodies

Raffle #3 (Weekend in Woodbridge)

  • A weekend of cageless boarding and spoiling for your dog pal with the Pawkeepers in Woodbridge, Virginia
  • A dog training phone consultation with Opportunity Barks
  • Premier dog toys from Cooperative Paws
  • OS Cloud Star Sticky Trainers from Operation Socialization
  • Barkley Square goodies

Raffle #4 (Train, Baby, Train!  Puppy Package)

  • Gift certificate for puppy classes with Operation Socialization certified Alison Coates and K to 9 Dog Training
  • $50 gift certificate from Fur-Get Me Not (good for daycare, boarding, dog walking, pet sitting or training)
  • Premier dog toys from Cooperative Paws
  • OS Cloud Star Sticky Trainers from Operation Socialization
  • Barkley Square goodies

Raffle #5 (Train, Baby, Train!  Adult Dog Package)

  • Gift certificate for dog training classes with K to 9 Dog Training
  • $50 gift certificate from Fur-Get Me Not (good for daycare, boarding, dog walking, pet sitting or training)
  • Premier dog toys from Cooperative Paws
  • OS Cloud Star Sticky Trainers from Operation Socialization
  • Barkley Square goodies

Warmest thanks to those who generously donated items to the raffles, including The Pawkeeepers, K to 9 Dog TrainingFur-Get Me Not, Opportunity Barks, NOVADog Magazine, Cooperative Paws, Operation Socialization, Karing by Kristina, and Barkley Square!

Hope to see you this weekend!

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Super Pet Expo Preview and Pet Trusts

Don’t forget to stop by the Super Pet Expo this Friday, Saturday and Sunday in Chantilly, Virginia!  Bean Kinney will be in Booth #721 (note this is a slight change from our original location).  We’ll have great giveaways and raffles, including a raffle dedicated to this post on pet trusts — one free pet trust for one lucky companion animal!   Another raffle will include a free intellectual property/trademark consultation for a business or rescue!  Please stop and say hello!

Other raffle donations include a relaxing weekend for your dog with The Pawkeeepers in Woodbridge, Virginia, a gift certificate from Fur-Get Me Not, training phone consultations with Opportunity Barks, a one-year subscription to NOVADog Magazine, toys from Cooperative Paws, and goodies from Operation Socialization!

All proceeds from our raffle will be donated to three fantastic rescues — Homeward Trails Animal Rescue, A Forever Home Rescue Foundation (my Sophie’s rescue!), and Rescue Ink!  All three rescues will have booths at the Super Pet Expo, too, so stop by and make friends!

As a preview to our raffles, please enjoy the following article regarding pet trusts by me and my colleague, Jennifer Lee, and courtesy of NOVADog Magazine.

This post was originally printed in the recent edition of NOVADog Magazine and is reprinted with permission by NOVADog Magazine.

Provisions For Pets:  How To Include Four-Legged Family Members In Your Estate Planning

Just last year, forlorn family members brought Bonnie, a five-year-old Golden Retriever mix, to a local shelter.  Bonnie’s owner had just died, and the family wasn’t able to keep her.  Bonnie was very lucky – she was adopted by one of the shelter veterinarians the very same day she went up for adoption. 

Not all dogs are as lucky as Bonnie.  The Humane Society of the United States estimates that animal shelters across the country care for six to eight million animals a year, and approximately three to four million are euthanized each year.  These numbers are down drastically from the 1970s, when 12 to 20 million animals were euthanized each year, but we still have a long way to go.  One way to avoid this unfortunate scenario is to provide for your pets in your estate planning. 

Beyond Leaving Money to Your Pet

Many people scoff at the idea of including pets in their estate plans, pointing to stories such as billionaire New York City hotel operator Leona Helmsley.  When Helmsley – nicknamed the “Queen of Mean” – died in 2007 at the age of 87, she left a $12 million trust to care for her ill-tempered Maltese, Trouble.  Of her $4 billion estate, Helmsley left $5 million in cash and $10 million in trust to her brother, and $5 million in cash and $5 million in trust to two of her four grandchildren.  Helmsley cut the other two grandchildren out completely.

Not surprisingly, the family filed suit, and the court cut Trouble’s trust from $12 million to $2 million.  That $2 million goes towards annual costs of $60,000 for the caregiver’s guardian fee, $8,000 for grooming, $1,200 for food and $100,000 for full time security.  Apparently, Trouble needed security after having received multiple death threats.

Planning for your pets is about much more than just leaving money to your pampered pooch.  If you fall ill or are in an accident, everyone around you will be devastated and may not think about your pets.  In that situation, your pets need immediate care, and your loved ones need guidance.  The better you plan, the easier it will be for your grief-stricken relatives and friends to help.

Recent changes in estate law and the manner in which courts view pets have made planning for the future easier.  The following are a few of the tools you can use to plan for the care of your pet.  Because of differences in state law and the considerations unique to each pet owner and pet, it is recommended that you consult an attorney to determine the best tool for your particular situation.

Your Will

 Some pet owners make provisions for the care of their pet in their will.  However, a will has several drawbacks – it can take a long time to probate a will, or someone may contest it.  Your wishes may not be put into effect until the conflict is resolved or a court may refuse to enforce your instructions.  Additionally, a will is only effective upon your death.

Power of Attorney

Should you become incapacitated, a power of attorney with special provisions for your pet can be very useful.  Those provisions should authorize your agent to care for your pet and spend your money for your pet’s care.  You can also give your agent the power to place the pet with a long-term caregiver if necessary.  However, a power of attorney is only effective while you are alive.

Pet Trusts

Perhaps the best option is to have a power of attorney along with a pet trust.  A pet trust is a legally enforceable method to arrange for the care and maintenance of your pet in the event you become incapacitated or die.  Depending on the laws of the state in which a pet trust is established, a pet trust can continue for the life of your pet or 21 years, or whichever occurs first. 

One of the most important decisions is to designate a trustee of your pet trust.  The trustee will hold, manage, and administer the trust funds according to the terms of the trust.  You must also decide who will be the pet’s caregiver on a day-to-day basis.  It is crucial to name someone who is willing and able to take on this duty.  You should name alternate trustees and pet caregivers in the event the original trustee or caregiver becomes unable to serve in their respective functions for whatever reason.

In a pet trust, you can be as specific as you wish about the care of your pet.  Consider the standard of living you want your pet to have, and the type of care that your pet is to receive.  You can specify your preferred brand of pet food, veterinarians, walking/exercising instructions, training, behavior concerns, and other special instructions.  For instance, when owner Ken Kemper of Hagerstown, Maryland died several years ago, Kemper left $400,000 and his house to his three rescues – a beagle and two lab mixes named Buckshot, Katie and Obu-Jet.  He also left instructions that the dogs were to have a special weekly dinner.  The dogs’ caretaker continues Kemper’s tradition of a Friday night spaghetti dinner, complete with meatballs and garlic bread.

How Much is Enough?

Determining what sums are reasonable for your pet’s care is important so that you can fund the trust appropriately.  Expenses to be considered include food, housing, medical care, and grooming.

As with Leona Helmsley, courts will not hesitate to scale back a pet trust that is out of line with the amount someone has left for their loved ones.  The amount you should leave in a trust for the care of your pets must factor in not only the size of your overall estate, but also the needs and age of your pets. 

The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) has a detailed breakdown of pet care costs at   The ASPCA estimates annual costs for a small dog at $1,314, for a medium dog at $1,580 and for a large dog at $1,843. 

Paul Sullivan, a writer with the New York Times, recently wrote an article entitled “Animal Lovers, Beware of Ownership Costs,” questioning the ASPCA’s numbers as being far too low.  Sullivan includes many stories about pet costs that far exceed the ASPCA’s estimates.  One story was about Moose, a Labrador retriever who needed to have a sock surgically removed from his stomach – to the tune of $6,000 in vet bills.  As Sullivan mentions, many of us pay far more than the ASPCA’s estimates in just dog walking and doggie daycare costs.

When thinking about how much to leave for your dog, as well as a possible option for a back-up caregiver, consider the various veterinary schools with programs designed for long-term care of pets.  Texas A&M’s College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences has a privately funded program called The Stevenson Companion Animal Life-Care Center.  There is an enrollment fee of $1,000 and a minimum endowment requirement based on the age of the owner at the time of enrollment (currently between $10,000 and $50,000 if the endowment is paid at the time of enrollment, or between $50,000 and $100,000 if the endowment is made by bequest).  Other veterinary schools with similar programs include University of California-Davis, Oklahoma State University, the University of Minnesota, Kansas State University and Purdue University.  These programs generally seek contributions or endowments in the range of $25,000 to $30,000 for one dog.

No Time Like the Present!

Bonnie was very fortunate that she found someone right away to care for her.  But not all dogs in her situation are as lucky.  With careful estate planning, you can give your loved ones the guidance they need to provide for your pets in the unfortunate event of your death or incapacitation.  There is no time like the present to get your estate planning in order – for you and your pets!


Costa Rican Rejuvenation

Excuse the silence for the last couple of weeks, but I am back and rejuvenated from a wonderful vacation in Costa Rica.  We flew into Liberia — a town in the northwestern province of Guanacaste with a more laid back airport than San Juan.  We stayed in Playa del Coco, a beach on Papagayo Bay on the Pacific side of Costa Rica.  Playa del Coco is aptly named due to the dark brown, cocoa colored sands.  If I had to do it all over again, I would not have stayed in this town, but we did have a lovely view from the balcony of the condo we stayed in.


We managed to walk over to a nearby, quaint little beach called Playa Ocotal.  I fear development is moving so quickly that this beach will also be overrun with tourists soon, but for now, it is quiet and pleasant.  I also met my favorite canine pal in this town.  The dogs don’t generally live inside houses, and the ones I saw wandering around fortunately appeared healthy and generally happy.  This guy came right up to me and put his head in my lap for a good ear rub.  Then he laid down under this table for a nap.


Playa Tamarindo is a gorgeous beach.  There were lots of tourists in this town, and lots of people who came to visit and just ended up never leaving.  This beautiful calico joined us for lunch one day.


Tamarindo had lots of canine beach bums — some strays, some owned by locals and some owned by foreigners.


The highlight of the trip was traveling to the cloud forest in Monteverde.  Here are some shots of the gorgeous countryside on the way from Playa del Coco to Monteverde.


Once we got to Monteverde, we spent the day in Selvatura Park.  We started with a canopy tour of the rain forest.  Had I known more about “canopy tours” and “zip lines,” I’m not sure I would have worked up the nerve to participate, but once I was up there, I was glad I did!  After lunch, we walked through the hummingbird garden.  What beautiful, graceful creatures!  We ended the day with a walk on suspended bridges.  Unfortunately, we really didn’t see a lot of wildlife.  It seems that all the work to put in cable lines and suspended bridges, and all of the foot traffic, manages to scare the animals away.  So much for pure ecotourism.


On the way back from Monteverde, we stopped in a town where some folks kept Macaws and other animals — including puppies!  They were kind enough to let us into their yard to take some pictures.


On my last couple of mornings in Playa del Coco, I made sure to spend some time with some local animals, including the cat who frequented our breakfast hangout every day. 


It is apparently not all rosy for companion animals in Costa Rica.  But towns and vets are making efforts to spay and neuter the strays.  In fact, Playa del Coco had an adoption and sterilization program.  Although I didn’t want to see animals without homes, I was glad to see strays who seemed to be in decent health, and some even well off enough that they had time and energy to play.  I didn’t have my camera handy one day, but one little canine beach bum in Playa del Coco took it upon himself to “adopt” many of the tourists and play in the sand with anything he could find!

As wonderful as Costa Rica was, and as friendly as the Costa Rican people were, we were glad to get back to Boomer and Sophie.  Much thanks to our dog walker and dog sitter from Fur-Get Me Not!  We could tell how spoiled the dogs were while we were away, because instead of going crazy when we got home, they just took it all in stride!

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Come See Me and Bean Kinney in Booth 721 at the Chantilly Virginia Super Pet Expo!

Law firm Bean, Kinney & Korman, PC will be in Booth 718 721 (left side, right behind the Franchise Pavillion) for the Super Pet Expo in Chantilly, Virginia on March 18-20, 2011I will be there with two of my colleagues — Jennifer Lee and Alain Lapter — to talk about ways our law firm can help pet owners and pet care industry companies and organizations.  For pet owners, we’ll discuss everything from pet trusts to owner responsibility issues such as dog bite and dangerous dog liability.   For businesses and rescues, we’ll talk about many ways to protect your entity, from intellectual property to corporate, compliance and contract issues.  And we’ll have really fun giveaways!  Although Sophie will have to stay at home for this, I may also try to arrange for some guest appearances by Boomer!  Don’t miss it!

UPDATE (3/14/11):  The Super Pet Expo has had to make some floor plan revisions.  Bean Kinney’s booth will be #721 — right across from our original location.

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Happy New Year! Looking Back at 10 Posts from 2010

As we ring in 2011, here’s a quick recap of 10 facts and lessons from last year’s posts:

  1. Although federal law only requires labeling of fur garments, Virginia law actually prohibits garments made of dog or cat fur.
  2. The ADA definition of “service animal” is changing to limit service animals to basically only dogs.
  3. The videos involved in the US v. Stevens First Amendment case involved depictions of dog fighting, not animal crush videos.
  4. The American Veterinary Medical Association just changed the veterinarian’s oath to include animal welfare and the prevention of animal suffering.
  5. The Lynchburg Fire Department honored a search and rescue dog it recently lost by distributing pet oxygen masks on rescue vehicles.
  6. An appellate court in Wales just upheld legislation banning shock collars.
  7. Suffolk County, New York was the first jurisdiction to establish a public Animal Abuser Registry.
  8. Many home owner insurance carriers charge higher premiums or even exclude coverage for animal liability if the household contains a dog such as a pit bull, Rottweiler, German Shepherd, Husky, Chow or Akita.
  9. Many Northern Virginia jurisdictions limit each household to three dogs, and require a kennel license for more than three dogs.
  10. A California Court of Appeals decision determined that the “exigent circumstances” exception the warrant requirement can include protection of the life of an animal.

May 2011 be peaceful, positive and prosperous for you and your loved ones!